A network of laws prohibits employers from discriminating against employees and applicants relative to their status as a member of a protected class. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 establishes race, religion, sex, and national origin as protected classes and also bans sexual harassment.
Treat all employees and applicants equally, without regard to race, religion, gender, age, disability, or any other characteristics not related to job performance. Never immediately reject applicants because you think their disability would prevent them from doing the job. When hiring, stick to questions about the applicant’s ability to perform the job’s essential functions; don’t ask questions that would reveal an applicant’s disability.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) adds people over 40 to the protected classes.www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/age.cfm.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) adds those with disabilities or perceived as having a disability as long as they can perform the job’s essential functions with or without reasonable accommodation. www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/disability.cfm